Sumak is a flat weave technique used throughout the Near East. It is sometimes known as 'snare stitch' in English. This Caucasian sumak rug makes use of saturated and vibrant vegetable-dyed wool. A column of three elongated lobed medallions are drawn in indigo against a rich madder-red ground. These distinctive medallions are seen almost exclusively in Caucasian sumak rugs, and their particular contours may be the result of the sumak technique itself. The smaller octagonal golden minor medallions flanking them, however, have a different and arguably older origin. They are certainly related the so-called 'kejebe' design seen in neighboring Turkmen weaving from Central Asia. Both of these traditions are likely descended from 15th century Mamluk carpet design. Similarly, the various colorful floral palmettes scattered throughout the field are derived from the floral 'harshang' pattern seen throughout the Caucasus and Northwest Persia during the 19th century. Despite a host of diverse sources, this piece represents perhaps the most iconic of several designs seen in Caucasian sumak carpets of the 19th century.
Sumak rugMid 19th C.
- Areas of exposed foundation, mostly a result of corrosive dyes.
- 5' 6"
- 7' 5"
- RUG ID: