Oriental Rugs, Vintage Rugs, and Antique Rugs by Peter Pap

Tekke khalyk

19th C (3rd Q)

Turkmen material culture is known for its wide variety of domestic weavings. While many of these were bags dedicated to housing a variety of items, others were used more decoratively. Among the Tekke Turkmen there are at least three varieties of weavings used to ornament and protect the portal of a yurt. These are ensis, rugs woven as door flaps, kapunuks, door surrounds used to frame the top of the portal, and pieces like this, known as khalyks. A khalyk was tied just below the kapunuk and served as a decorative hanging suspended at the top entrance section of the portal. This Tekke khalyk draws a classic design comprised of cruciform figures terminating in latch-hooks. The negative space formed by these devices resemble 'sirga', the rams' horn ornament found in the borders of Tekke ensis. Indeed, the figures drawn here are sometimes also seen in the borders of Ersari Turkmen ensis. The drawing of this piece is perhaps the most popular used in Tekke khalyks. The small bottom triangular pendant draws a variety of the 'aina gul' while the bottom flaps draw a type of border ornament derived from Holbein variants of the 16th century and often used in the borders of Tekke tent-bags. Remarkably, for a piece of this age, most of the original decorative tassels have been preserved along with the blue side fastening chords.

2' 3"
1' 2"

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